Testosterone is the primary male sex hormone, which aids in the development of the male physique. The hormone helps men develop the characteristics that identify them as male. Some of these characteristics include; a deep voice, huge body muscles, growth of more body, and facial hair among many others. The testosterone levels in the body are measured in nanograms per deciliter (ng/dL). The normal testosterone levels range between 280 and 1,100 ng/Dl. The measurements are also taken in nanomoles per liter which is about 35 nanomoles per liter (35 nmol/dL). The levels of the testosterone in the body may, however, surge to very high levels at times. This is a condition that rarely occurs though. It is majorly caused by testosterone boosting treatments and medication.
Testosterone levels above 1100ng/dL or 35nmol/L are considered abnormally high.
This begs the question: Does the extra testosterone have any effect on the body? If yes, which changes does it bring to the body? To answer these very essential questions, let’s explore the aspects surrounding high testosterone levels and find out the possible effects of the condition.
When the testosterone levels are high, they cause some physiological effects, just like any other component in the body. Some of the physical effects include;
|Growth of facial and body hair||Face becomes wider|
|Strong and defined jawline||Small eyes|
|Big Adam’s apple and a deep voice||Shoulders broaden|
|Ring finger grows longer||testicles shrinkage|
|Increased body strength||High endurance|
|baldness||Increased aggressive behaviors|
|Increased libido||Development of strong bone density|
|Increased body metabolism||Reduced body fat|
|Large nose||Risk-taking and impulsive behaviors|
|Confidence associated with arrogance||Faster muscle growth|
- Testicle Shrinkage
When the testosterone levels rise beyond the normal levels in your body, the brain sends signals to the testosterone secreting organs to stop producing the hormone. Testosterone production happens in the testicles. When this activity stops, the testicles tend to shrink and reduce in size.
- Growth of Facial and Body Hair
More facial and body hair growth is commonly associated with men. When testosterone levels in the body are very high, the enzyme 5a-reductase triggers the conversion of testosterone into dihydrotestosterone (DHT). DHT is considered as a more impactful androgen than testosterone. Hair growth in male bodies is promoted by increased androgen activity. DHT in particular is a very potent agent of hair growth in males.
- Strong and Defined Jaw Line
Testosterone and other androgen hormones have been proven to promote the development of a strong bone structure. Testosterone is particularly notorious in the promotion of more bone volume. This growth is more pronounced in the jawbone. The jaw bone becomes wide and develops sharp edges. This explains why men have a heavier and stronger bone structure that women. It is also evident that men tend to have bigger and more pronounced jawbones.
- Big Adam’s Apple and a Deep Voice
During the puberty phase, when the testosterone levels are high, the body muscles responsible for sound production, the larynx, the cartilage, and Adam’s apple grow noticeably. The strength and scope of these organs are kicked a notch higher too. This makes it one of the easy ways of identifying high testosterone levels. The said male will have a very deep voice and a protruding Adam’s apple. It would be safe to assume a man has high testosterone levels if you notice he has a very big protrusion of Adam’s apple.
- Shoulders Broaden
We have already established that testosterone helps to promote the bone structure. One of the most visible changes in this area is the shoulders. The pectoral girdle broadens. The shoulder girdle and muscles have androgen receptors. High testosterone levels promote an overly active androgen activity, which causes excitement in the shoulder girdle and muscles. More protein synthesis takes place, hence the buildup of more muscles. The promotion of the bone structure and muscles translate into broadened shoulders.
One of the most obvious signs of excess testosterone in men is baldness. However, this does not cut across all men. It commonly occurs to men who are genetically predisposed to male pattern baldness. However, the baldness is caused by the more potent form of testosterone by the name of DHT. High levels of testosterone in the body will convert to DHT. This hormone attaches to the hair follicles on the scalp and causes them to fall off, leading to baldness.
- The Ring Finger Grows Longer
Scientific research has demonstrated that the ratio between the index finger and the pointer finger is directly associated with the level of testosterone. If someone has a longer ring finger than the pointer finger, the levels of testosterone are said to be high and the vice versa is also true.
- Face Becomes Wider
This trait has also been associated with high testosterone count in the body. When one experiences an increase in testosterone levels, the face tends to broaden. This is also partially caused by the broadening of the jaws. The width of the face is the distance between the malar bones with respect to the distance between the top of the upper lip and the eyebrows.
- Faster Muscle Growth
The development of strong body muscles is one of the fundamental functions of testosterone in males. The hormone enhances protein synthesis which helps develop stronger muscles. More metabolism also provides the energy needed to build leans muscles, as well as protective nutrients that fight against infections. Infections would quickly wear out your muscles.
- Increased Libido
Some scientific studies have associated increased sex drive with testosterone levels. When testosterone is converted into estradiol, the sex drive gets a boost. Increased metabolism and lean muscle build-up also allow better blood flow. Good blood flow is crucial for developing and maintaining erections. All these are issues related to male sex performance and libido. It is highly unlikely for a man with high testosterone levels to suffer from low libido or infertility.
- Reduced Body Fat
High testosterone levels boost energy and make the body active. If you exercise, it becomes easy for your body to burn fat. High metabolism rates and protein synthesis prevent any further deposition of excess fat in the body. All fat intake is burned and converted into energy.
- Development of Strong Bone Density
Various studies have linked the development of high-density bones to high testosterone. This change is mostly clear in the back area. Increased testosterone causes the formation of stronger bones and a significant increase in the overall body frame.
- Increased Body Strength
Testosterone is indisputably associated with the development of strong muscles. More lean muscle means more body strength. High metabolism rates also produce huge bursts of energy, therefore providing you with more strength and endurance.
- Increased Body Metabolism
Various scientific research has linked the metabolic rate to the levels of testosterone in the body. This contributes to how the body stores energy and the amount of energy it releases. Higher testosterone translates into higher body metabolic activity, hence reduced body fat deposits in the body and development of more muscles.
- Increased Aggressive Behaviors
It is in the nature of men to be more aggressive than women. The physique of men contributes majorly to this. The stronger muscles and bones make men more competitive and vigorous. The testosterone hormone contributes immensely to this male nature. The body having more testosterone makes the trait of aggressiveness to be more ingrained. This can be clearly observed when a person gets angry, the body responds by producing more testosterone which prepares for a fight or a flight response.
- Confidence Associated with Arrogance
Testosterone also plays a part in creating feelings of confidence and well-being. This can be useful at times as it helps one to raise their self-esteem. It also helps someone to accomplish more tasks and be more exploitative. However, when the testosterone levels are high, one may tend to be overconfident and make mistakes. Hard headedness and arrogance are at times part of the overconfidence.
- Risk-taking and Impulsiveness Behaviors
Testosterone affects one’s self-confidence; high testosterone levels lead to overconfidence. The aggressiveness and overconfidence translate into undesirable traits such as risk-taking and impulsive behaviors. The overconfidence makes one feel superior to everyone. Poor decision making is also common in such scenarios. They make decisions without first analyzing their consequences.
- Small Eyes
Scientific research has found that most males with small eyes have high testosterone levels. It further reveals that small eyes may mean the men may have been exposed to high testosterone in the womb. Similarly, they link women with big eyes to have a high level of the female hormone estrogen.
- Large Nose
Testosterone has also been associated with the development of a large nose. This is deemed as a masculine feature that is affected by testosterone levels. High testosterone levels cause the nose to grow larger.
- High Endurance
As a result of the benefits associated with testosterone, such as increased energy, one is able to endure physical effort for a longer time, especially in hard physical training and doing various tasks. This is very beneficial to athletes. An increase in testosterone levels consequently increases the endurance level.
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